Civil society wants substance, not procedural delays at UN conf on crisis

FRANÇAIS

SIGNATURES



A statement calling upon governments not to take procedural arguments as an excuse to further delaying the substantive negotiations on the urgently needed global policy responses to the current crisis is being circulated to negotiators at the UN.

Statement on the negotiations about the outcome of the UN Conference on the World Financial and Economic Crisis and its Impact on Development


May 15, 2009

1. We are facing a global systemic crisis, which originated in the rich countries of the North, their unsustainable consumption and production patterns and the irresponsible economic behavior of their dominant social actors. The crisis affects billions of people all over the world, pushing many millions of them into unemployment and poverty, and violating their economic, social and cultural rights.

2. The response of the G20 was not sufficient to address the root causes of these multiple crises of food, climate, financial markets and sustainable development.

3. The global crisis needs a global response involving all societies that are affected by crisis. Therefore, the United Nations is the only legitimate forum through which the crisis can be resolved. This is the reason why we highly welcomed the decision of governments in Doha to hold a UN Conference on the world economic and financial crisis and its impact on development.

4. Since the Doha Conference it has taken diplomats in New York more than 16 weeks to agree on the modalities of the “Crisis Conference“. They are responsible for the delay, they are responsible for the lack of time for the substantive negotiations on the outcome of the conference.

5. Civil Society Organizations and Networks produced comprehensive statements listing their recommendations and demands on how to address the current crisis, starting with the “Civil Society Benchmark Paper” in the run-up to the Doha Conference 2008.

6. Many of our demands are reflected in the recommendations presented by the “Stiglitz Commission” in March 2009. For this reason we regard these recommendations as a good basis on which to build a new global economic and financial system .

7. Many of our positions are also reflected in the first draft outcome document presented by the President of the General Assembly (PGA) on 8 May 2009. We understand that the recommendations in this document contain short-term measures that have to be implemented immediately as a response to the current crisis, such as the sufficient funding for a global stimulus package, and long-term measures, such as the establishment of a new Global Reserve System or the proposal for a Global Tax Authority. We agree that the UN conference in June has to come up with immediate responses to the crisis and simultaneously decide on an intergovernmental time-bound process towards the long-term reforms.

8. In contrast, the draft document by the Co-Facilitators, dated 6 May 2009 neither specifies the necessary short-term actions nor does it contain concrete commitments for longer-term structural reform measures. It mainly reconfirms - by recycling already agreed language - decisions taken at the Doha Conference and the G20 Summits. The policy recommendations in this document lack any sense of urgency. The recommendations on institutional reforms (para. 47) are interesting but, according to the Co-Facilitators, they only “might be considered”. Such a diplomatic phrase makes any recommendation completely useless. If governments agreed on such an outcome document, they would further weaken the UN as the global forum for economic policy coordination and decision making and would completely fail to find meaningful answers to the current crisis.

9. We understand that under the current time pressure it will be difficult for governments to agree on a comprehensive set of radical reform measures as outlined in the draft of the PGA. But, a consensus on many concrete reform proposals that are on the table can still be reached. Among the decisions that are of high priority and could be taken at the UN Conference without any further delay are the following:

- The initiative to establish a Global Panel on Systemic Risks in the World Economy, following the model of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, bringing together academics, civil society and policy makers.
- The decision to upgrade the Committee of Experts on International Cooperation on Tax Matters to an intergovernmental Commission on Tax Matters as a functional commission of ECOSOC by the end of 2009.
- The political commitment to introduce an internationally coordinated Financial Transaction Tax in order to mobilize additional resources for a short-term Global Stimulus Fund and the longer-term implementation of the Internationally Agreed Development Goals, including the MDGs.
- The establishment of a Global Economic Coordination Council within the UN system.
- The decision to review the Agreement between the UN and the Bretton-Woods-Institutions (BWIs) in order to enhance coordination and policy coherence by integrating the BWIs as specialized agencies completely into the UN system.

10. We call upon governments not to take procedural arguments as an excuse to further delaying the substantive negotiations on the urgently needed global policy responses to the current crisis.

Français
La société civile demande de la substance, et non des arguments procéduraux à la Conférence des Nations Unies sur la crise

Signez la déclaration du 15 mai 2009 à propos des négociations sur les aboutissements de la Conférence des Nations Unies sur la crise économique et financière mondiale et son impact sur le développement


15 mai 2009

1. Nous sommes confrontés à une crise systémique mondiale qui a pris naissance dans les pays riches du Nord, en raison de leur consommation débridée, de leurs modèles de production et du comportement économique irresponsable de leurs acteurs sociaux les plus influents. La crise affecte des milliards de personnes dans le monde entier, précipite plusieurs millions d’entre eux dans le chômage et la pauvreté et viole leurs droits économiques, sociaux et culturels.

2. La réponse du G20, trop limitée, ne comporte pas de mesures concernant les causes premières de ces crises multiples -crise alimentaire, crise climatique, crise des marchés financiers, crise du développement durable.

3. La crise mondiale requiert une réponse mondiale impliquant toutes les sociétés affectées. L’ONU est donc le seul forum légitime au travers duquel il est possible de trouver des solutions. Aussi avions-nous vivement applaudi la décision des gouvernements à Doha de tenir une Conférence des Nations Unies sur la crise économique et financière mondiale et son impact sur le développement.

4. Depuis la Conférence de Doha, il a fallu plus de 16 semaines aux diplomates pour se mettre d’accord sur les modalités de cette « Conférence de crise ». Ils sont responsables de ce retard, ils sont responsables du peu de temps qu’il reste pour mener des négociations consistantes sur les aboutissements de la Conférence.

5. Les organisations et les réseaux de la société civile ont émis un certain nombre de déclarations récapitulant leurs recommandations et leurs demandes sur les façons de faire face à la crise ; la première intitulée « Civil Society Benchmark Paper » a été publiée au lendemain de la Conférence de Doha de 2008.

6. Les recommandations de la « Commission Stiglitz » en mars 2009 font écho à beaucoup de nos demandes. C’est pourquoi nous considérons que ces recommandations constituent une bonne base pour la construction d’un nouveau système économique et financier mondial.

7. Le premier avant-projet présenté par le Président de l’Assemblée Générale, le 8 mai 2009, concorde, lui aussi, avec beaucoup de nos positions. Nous comprenons que les recommandations que contient ce document portent sur des mesures à court-terme qui doivent être appliquées immédiatement pour répondre à la crise actuelle, comme la mise à disposition de fonds suffisants pour financer un plan de relance mondial, et des mesures à long-terme, comme la création d’un Système de réserve mondial ou la proposition d’une Autorité fiscale mondiale. Nous pensons aussi que la Conférence de juin des Nations Unies doit fournir des réponses immédiates à la crise et en même temps décider d’un processus intergouvernemental de réformes à long-terme et du calendrier de ce processus.

8. Par contre, dans l’avant-projet des co-modérateurs, daté du 6 mai 2009, il n’y a ni spécification d’actions indispensables à court terme, ni engagement concret à des réformes structurelles à long-terme. En gros, il confirme - en termes recyclés - les décisions prises lors de la Conférence de Doha et lors des Sommets du G20. Il n’y a aucune connotation d’urgence dans les recommandations politiques. Les recommandations sur les réformes institutionnelles (para. 47) sont dignes d’intérêt, mais aux dires des co-modérateurs eux-mêmes, ce ne sont que des recommandations que « l’on pourrait prendre en considération ». C’est le genre de phrase diplomatique qui rend une recommandation totalement inutile. Si les gouvernements paraphent un tel document final, ils vont un peu plus affaiblir les Nations Unies en tant que forum mondial de coordination de la politique économique et de décision, et leur échec à trouver des réponses réelles à la crise actuelle sera total.

9. Nous comprenons que vu le peu de temps imparti il va être difficile aux gouvernements de se mettre d’accord sur la totalité des réformes radicales suggérées par le Président de l’Assemblée Générale dans son avant-projet. Mais il est encore possible d’obtenir un consensus sur beaucoup des réformes concrètes qui ont été proposées. Les décisions les plus urgentes et que la Conférence des Nations Unies pourrait prendre sans attendre sont :

* La création d’un Panel mondial sur les risques systémiques dans l’économie mondiale, sur le modèle du Panel intergouvernemental sur le changement climatique, réunissant des universitaires, des représentants de la société civile et des responsables politiques.

* La décision de transformer le Comité d’experts de la coopération internationale en matière fiscale en une Commission intergouvernementale en matière fiscale, qui serait une commission fonctionnelle de l’ECOSOC, avant la fin de l’anée 2009.

* L’engagement politique d’instaurer au niveau international une Taxe sur les transactions financières, pour, à court-terme, mobiliser des ressources supplémentaires pour un Fonds mondial de relance, et à long-terme, réaliser les Objectifs de développement qui ont fait l’objet d’un accord au niveau mondial, en particulier les OMD.

* La création d’un Groupe de travail intergouvernemental, qui aura un mandat précis, de durée limitée, pour définir les modalités et les termes de référence d’un Conseil mondial de coordination économique au sein du système des Nations Unies. Ce groupe de travail devra agir de façon transparente et devra être ouvert à la participation des ONG.

* La décision de réviser l’Accord entre les Nations Unies et les Institutions de Bretton-Woods dans le but d’améliorer la coordination et la cohérence politique, en intégrant complètement ces Institutions au système des Nations Unies, en tant qu’agences spécialisées

10. Nous appelons les gouvernements à ne pas s’abriter derrière des arguments procéduraux pour s’autoriser à ajourner les négociations sur les mesures politiques qu’il est indispensable de prendre d’urgence pour répondre à la crise actuelle.

Signatures
Jens Martens and James Paul, Global Policy Forum
Roberto Bissio, Social Watch
Beverly Keene, Jubilee South
Andrea Baranes and Antonio Tricarico, Campagna per la Reforma della Banca Mondiale
Mirjana Dokmanovic, Women and Development Europe (WIDE)
Gigi Francisco, Development Alternatives wirh Women for a New Era (DAWN)
Patricia Blankson Akakpo, Network for Women's Rights in Ghana (NETRIGHT) and ABANTU for Development (ROWA)
Josep Xercavins i Valls
Philo Morris, Medical Mission Sisters
Aldo Caliari, Center of Concern
Rudy De Meyer, 11.11.11
Verena Winkler and Simon Stocker, Eurostep
Eva Friedlander, IWAC, the International Women's Anthropology Conference
Luke Fletcher, Jubilee Australia
Anne Jellema, Action Aid
Mark Herkenrath, Alliance Sud, Switzerland
Klaus Schilder, terre des hommes Germany
Magaly Pineda, CIPAF, Rep.Dominicana
Feminist Task Force of the Global Call to Action against Poverty
Arjun Karki, LDC Watch
Sarba Khadka, South Asia Alliance for Poverty Eradication-SAAPE
Mana Dahal Rural Reconstruction Nepal-RRN
Edward Oyugi, Social Development Network, Nairobi, Kenya
Oksana Kisselyova, Liberal Society Institute, Ukraine
Cartas A. Kapele, Children Education Society (CHESO), DAR ES SALAAM – TANZANIA
Fernanda Carvalho, IBASE - Brazilian Institute for Social and Economic Analysis
European Network on Debt and Development (EURODAD)
ATTAC Hungary
Milan Smrz, Czech section of Eurosolar
Joseph M. Sammut, Social Watch, Malta
Christine Andela - COSADER (Collectif des ONG pour la Sécurité Alimentaire et le Développement Rural) - Cameroun
Marta Benavides - Instituto Internacional de Cooperación entre Pueblos (IICP) - El Salvador
GCAP - Sudan
Jubilee Debt Campaign (UK)
Tom Kucharz, Ecologistas en Acción (Spain)
Transnational Institute
Institute for Policy Studies, Global Economy Project
Dr. Hassan Abdel Ati - National Civic Forum - Sudan
Malgorzata Tarasiewicz - Network of East-West Women, NEWW-Polska
AWID (Association for Women¹s Rights in Development)
Rede Brasil sobre Instituições Financeiras Multilaterais
Marek Hrubec, Centre of Global Studies, Czech Republic
Zelená Pro Planetu, Czech Republic
Henri Valot, Policy Advisor CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation
Professor Aijaz Qureshi: Social Watch Pakistan- IDF
Zulfiqar Halepoto- Sindh Democratic Forum (SDF) and Social Watch Pakistan
Nazeer Memon- Sindh Agriculture Forum
Abrar Kazi - SDF- water expert and technocrat
Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN)
Public Finance Monitoring Center
Women's Working Group on Financing for Development
Egyptian Association For Community Participation Enhancement (EACPE)
CARDET, Cyprus
National Social Watch Coalition - India
Action for Economic Reforms
Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement (PRRM)
Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND)
Ziad Abdel Samad
Mariama Williams, Integrated Policy Research Institute (IPRI)
Yves Conze, Integrated Policy Research Institute (IPRI)
Carla Bakboord, MSc Cultural Anthropologist, Executive Director Equality & Equity for Gender&Social Development, Suriname
El Amel Association For Social Development in Algeria
Women for Change
Genoveva Tisheva- Bulgarian Gender Research Foundation
Development Network of Indigenous Voluntary Associations (DENIVA), J.B. Kwesiga
Network of Ugandan Researchers and Research Users (NURRU), David Obot
Tomas Tozicka - Jubilee Czech
Hanaa Edwar, Iraqi AlAmal Association
David Obot (NURRU), Kampala-Uganda
J.B.Kwesiga (DENIVA), Uganda
Hamarneh, Vanda, Syria
Consumers Association of Penang
Friends of the Earth, Malaysia
KOPIN (Koperazzjoni Internazzjonali) Malta
Instituto Latinoamericano de Servicios legales Alternativos (ILSA) - Colombia
Klaus Heidel, Werkstatt Ökonomie e.V., spokesperson Social Watch Deutschland/Forum Weltsozialgipfel (Social Watch Germany)
International Gender and Trade Network (IGTN).
Rene Suša, Humanitas, Society for human rights and supportive action, Slovenia
Africa Development Interchange Network (ADIN)
Sanayee Development Organization (SDO). Kabul, Afghanistan
UK Coalition Against Poverty. Eileen Devaney
Baudouin Schombe, Coordonnateur National Reprontic
Bretton Woods Project (UK)
FOCO - Foro Ciudadano de Participación por la Justicia y los Derechos Humanos
DECIDAMOS, Campaña por la Expresión Ciudadana, Paraguay
Social watch Mocambique
Jiri Silny, Ecumencial Academy Prague, Czech Republic
Vagn Berthelsen, Secretary General of IBIS
Sisters of Mercy (of the Americas)
Marta Scarpato, Consultora sindical, Italia
Mayalu Matos Silva, Brazil
Carlos Martinez Garcia, Presidente de ATTAC España
Martín Pascual, Fundación Cenda, Chile
CIDEP, Asociación Intersectorial para el Desarrollo Económico y el Progreso Social (El Salvador)I
Reseau Marocain pour le Droit a la Sante, Dr Aziz RHALI. Maroc
Antonio J. González Plessmann, Activista venezolano de Derechos Humanos
WEDO (Women's Environment and Development Organization)
Red de Control Ciudadano, Costa Rica
Secours-Catholique/Caritas France
Instituto de Estudos Sócioeconômicos – INESC, Brasil
Lunaria, Italy
War on Want
Carlos Martinez Garcia, Presidente de ATTAC España
Socio Economic Rights Initiaitive/Social Watch Nigeria
Global Economy Program
Coordinación de ONG y cooperativas - CONGCOOP
Uganda Coalition for Sustainable Development
SLUG - The Norwegian Coalition for Debt Cancellation
African Women's Development and Communication Network/FEMNET Africa
K.U.L.U.-Women and Development, Denmark
Plataforma 2015 y más, España
Third World Network
CAP
SAM
Red Latinoamericana sobre Deuda, Desarrollo y Derechos – LATINDADD
Women Headed Households Empowerment (PEKKA)
Kerstin Sack, Attac Germany
John Y. Jones, Networkers SouthNorth Oslo Norway
Carol Barton, Community Action Program, United Methodist Women
International Council for Adult Education (ICAE)
Grupo Moçambicano da Dívida, Mozambique

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COMMENTS

Mon Jun 22 2009
At the end of the Outcome document the President of the General Assembly is requested to keep the Conference open and name seven ministerial and technical level working groups. One of them #4 -- Global and Regional Reserve Systems—I would like to see labeled as The UN Commission on Monetary Transformation which not only looks at reserve systems, such as proposed by the Stiglitz Commission, but also one that is based upon a carbon standard. It is important that this and the Copenhagen conference consider the resolution of the economic and climate crises or the challenges of the ecological and financial indebtedness together. The proposed Tierra Solution would do this by having this carbon-based international reserve currency become part of the carbon account of a nation’s balance of payments. Thus, this monetary transformation would provide an institutional mechanism for funding development and mitigation and adaptation. For more information, see www.timun.net
Frans Verhagen,M.Div., M.I.A, Ph.D. , New York City ( USA )

Thu Jun 11 2009
Grupo Moçambicano da Dívida from Mozambique supports this statement
Grupo Moçambicano da Dívida , Maputo ( Mozambique )

Mon May 25 2009
I want to support the declaration
Kerstin Sack, attac Germany , Hagen ( Germany )

Wed May 20 2009
Uganda Coalition for Sustainable Development supports this statement
Kimbowa Richard , Kampala ( Uganda )

Wed May 20 2009
Our initial victory: Discussions on substance start On Wednesday, May 20 the President of the UN General Assembly formally introduced a revised draft outcome document for consideration by the Member States. This new draft has the agreement of the co-facilitators, the ambassadors from the Netherlands and St. Vincent. The new text is available at: http://www.un.org/ga/president/63/interactive/financialcrisis/outcomedoc180509.pdf The civil society document was widely circulated in New York among diplomats and the UN official website linked to it, which is an unusual acknowledgement of the importance of our common action. (see the link here: http://www.un.org/ga/econcrisissummit/partners.shtml While opinions on the substance in the text differed, all delegations agreed to start talking substance, which was our first demand. Yet, since we do not just want talk but also concrete decisions, and since the text above includes very concrete and specific recommendations on what we want from the conference, the list of signatories will remain open a few more days. Roberto Bissio, coordinator of Social Watch
Roberto Bissio , Montevideo ( Uruguay )

Wed May 20 2009
K.U.L.U.-Women and Development, Denmark, support this statement.
Janice G. Foerde , Copenhagen ( Denmark )

Mon May 18 2009
Bretton Woods Project (UK) supports this statement
Peter Chowla , London ( United Kingdom )

Fri May 15 2009
ATTAC Hungary is supporting this Statement.
Matyas BENYIK , Budapest ( Hungary )


 
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