The landmine problem

Source: ICBL
This is the eleventh annual report published by the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), and reports on ban policy, demining, casualties, risk education, victim assistance, and support for mine action in every country in the world. It also includes a special ten-year review of progress since the entry into force of the Mine Ban Treaty in 1999. February 2010. [see more]
In the Oscar-winning Bosnian film No man's land, a man lies on a landmine while a United Nations official tries to resolve the situation. But his attempts run into bureaucratic red-tape and other difficulties, and the film ends with the desolate image of the man, abandoned to his fate on the landmine, which will explode under his body if he tries to get up.

Millions of civilians find themselves today in similar situations: living on a time-bomb that could explode at any moment, in any place.

What makes antipersonnel mines so abhorrent is the indiscriminate destruction they cause. Mines recognize no cease-fire and long after the fighting has stopped they continue to maim or kill. They lie dormant until a person or animal triggers their detonating mechanism. Antipersonnel mines cannot distinguish between the footfall of a soldier and that of a child. Those who survive the initial blast usually require amputations, long hospital stays, and extensive rehabilitative services. In Cambodia alone there are over 35,000 amputees injured by landmines--and they are the survivors.

Landmines are now a daily threat in Afghanistan, Angola, Bosnia, Cambodia, Chechnya, Croatia, Iraq, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Somalia, and dozens of other countries. More than 50 countries have manufactured as many as 200 million antipersonnel landmines –there are more than 350 different types- in the last 25 years. Leading producers and exporters include China, Italy, the former Soviet Union, and the United States.

In the course of 1991, several non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and individuals began simultaneously to discuss the necessity of coordinating initiatives and calls for a ban on antipersonnel landmines. The International Campaign to Ban Landmines (a network of more than 1.400 NGOs in 90 countries) was formalized in October 1992. And the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction (also known as Mine Ban Treaty) was adopted in Oslo, Norway, in 1997. As of 18 February 2010, the Treaty has been ratified by 156 countries. It entered into force on 1 March 1999.

Among the 39 countries that have not signed the Mine Ban Treaty (as of 18 February 2010) are China, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Korea (North and South), Russia, and United States of America.
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UPDATES
Sunday, February 21 2010
Landmine Monitor Report 2009: Toward a mine-free world
(Source: ICBL)
Thursday, June 12 2008
An African reflection on an innovative ban of cluster munitions
(Source: AfricaFiles)
Tuesday, March 11 2008
A guide to cluster munitions
(Source: Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD))

The treaty

Nairobi Summit on a Mine-Free World (Choike)

Mine Ban Treaty (ICBL)

Other campaigns

Adopt-A-Minefield

Information resources

War Child Landmine Programme

Protection of civilians in armed conflict

Brazil-Angola joint project for the professional education and empowerment of young landmine victims (AJA Mine Action Net)

Center for International Rehabilitation

Mine Action Country Programmes (UNDP)

Protection of Civilians in armed conflicts: landmines (OCHA)

WHO: Landmines & UXO's (WHO)

The Campaign to Ban Landmines (Human Rights Watch)

Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD)

Action for Research and Information Support in Civilian Demining (ARIS)

Linking mine action and development (Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining)

The problems and the solutions (MAG)

The Oslo NGO-Conference on Landmines (ICBL)

Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA)

International Mine Action Standards (IMAS)

Land Mine Awareness Education (LMAE)

Annual reports

Landmine Monitor Report 2009: Toward a mine-free world (ICBL)

Landmine Monitor Report 2007: toward a mine-free world (International Campaign to Ban Landmines)

Portfolio of Mine Action Projects 2007 (United Nations Mine Action Service)

Landmine Monitor Report 2006: toward a mine-free world (International Campaign to band Landmines)

Landmine monitor report 2005 (ICBL)

Landmine Monitor Report 2004 (International Campaign to Ban Landmines)

Landmine Monitor (International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL))

Landmine Monitor Report 2003 (International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL))

Technologies for demining

Canadian Centre for Mine Action Technologies (CCMAT)

The Demining Technology Centre (DeTec)

Action against landmines

United Nations Mine Action

International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC)

Mines Advisory Group (MAG)

Mines Action Canada

MgM - People against Landmines

AJA Mine Action Net

International Campaign to Band Landmines (ICBL)

Survivors

Landmine Survivors Network (LSN)

Documents and reports

Land-mines: A deadly inheritance (UNICEF)

An African reflection on an innovative ban of cluster munitions (AfricaFiles)

A guide to cluster munitions (Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD))

Maiming the people: guerrilla use of antipersonnel landmines and other indiscriminate weapons in Colombia (Human Rights Watch)

Identifying synergies between Mine Action and Small Arms and Light Weapons (Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining)

Fatal footprint: the global human impact of cluster munitions (Handicap International)

Mine Action and Effective Coordination: the United Nations Policy (Mine Action)

Country by country

Mozambique: Landmines hamper reconstruction process (AfricaNews)

Afghanistan: Focus on landmine education for children (Irin News)

The problem of landmines in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (MIFTAH)

Cambodian Mine Action Centre (CMAC)

India: landmines devastate lives, livelihoods in border areas (InfoChange India)

Returning Afghans fear mine menace (Institute for War and Peace Reporting)

Back in business?: Pentagon poised to resume production of antipersonnel mines (Human Rights Watch)


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