Disabilities at work

Source: InfoChange
Persons with disability have been blocked out of our everyday reality, touching only those who are caregivers. Seventy-five per cent live in rural areas, only 49% of this population is literate and only 34% employed. Women make up 42.46% of the total population of persons with disability. August 2006. [see more]
In spite of existing national, regional and international laws and instruments and of actions by international bodies and efforts by non-governmental organizations, disabled persons continue to be subjected to violations of their human rights, a situation which is aggravated in the case of women with disabilities, as they suffer a double discrimination.

If the provisions contained in international treaties and other instruments were adequately enforced, equal and full participation of disabled persons in the field of labor would have already been attained. This, unfortunately, has not happened yet, despite the efforts of the International Labor Organization, which has been advocating since the 1940's in favor of equal opportunities for people with disabilities. With the aim of eliminating this gap, several organizations are currently working together with the United Nations to create a specific Convention to protect the human rights of disabled persons.

The projected Convention builds on a number of other conventions, treaties and recommendations on the subject dating back several decades, ratified by the United Nations, the ILO and different civil society initiatives. In 1994, the United Nations' Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights warned that the effects of disability discrimination have been particularly harmful in the fields of education, employment, housing, transportation, cultural activities and access to public spaces and services.

Equal opportunity for all citizens in the labor market cannot be achieved merely by passing appropriate legislation and regulations, it calls for the implementation of policies to enable the fulfillment of commitments that are binding upon the countries. All ILO Members, even if they have not ratified a particular convention, have an obligation arising from their very membership to the organization, to respect, promote and enforce the principles concerning the fundamental rights protected under such conventions, and this includes eradicating discrimination in the field of employment and occupation.

As established in the ILO's Convention No. 159 on vocational rehabilitation and employment for disabled persons, all member countries must draft, apply and revise national policies concerning vocational rehabilitation and employment of persons with disabilities. The goal is to ensure that appropriate measures are put in place to provide vocational rehabilitation for all disabled persons regardless of the origin of their disabilities, besides promoting employment opportunities and fair treatment in the labor market. All such measures must be based on the principle of equal opportunities for disabled workers and workers in general.
Imprimir   Enviar    Correct 
      Versión en español
UPDATES
Thursday, August 17 2006
India's national policy for the disabled: no clear roadmap for action
(Source: InfoChange)
Thursday, February 10 2005
Ending poverty means empowering the disabled
(Source: IPS)

International law

New treaty protecting rights of persons with disabilities

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Employment recommendation

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Recommendation concerning vocational rehabilitation of the disabled

World Programme of Action Concerning Disabled Persons

Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Convention

United Nations

Ending poverty means empowering the disabled (IPS)

Report of the Working Group to the Ad Hoc Committee (United Nations)

Enable - United Nations and Persons with Disabilities web site

Issues and emerging trends related to the advancement of persons with disabilities

Monitoring the implementation of the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities

Resolution on a comprehensive and integral international convention to promote and protect the rights and dignity of per

Human rights of persons with disabilities

UN Third Committee resolutions

World Health Organization (WHO)

Disability Assessment Schedule

Research, articles and opinion

India's national policy for the disabled: no clear roadmap for action (InfoChange)

The right to decent work for people with disabilities

UN Convention information (DPI)

Equality, diversity and enlargement

Possibilities for independent living of persons with disabilities in Africa

International Labour Organization (ILO)

Disability and work

ILO Ability Asia

NGOs

Global Applied Disability Research and Information Network on Employment and Training - GLADNET

Disabled Peoples' International

Independent Living Institute

Literacy for Independent Living - LIL

Vida Independiente (Independent Living)

Workability International

National Commission for the Promotion of Employment for Disabled People (NCPEDP)


Choike is a project of the Third World Institute
www.choike.org | Contact | Avda. 18 de julio 2095/301, Montevideo 11200, Uruguay | Phone: +598 2403 1424