Oil fueling conflicts

Source: Pambazuka
Throughout the continent, ‘oil has correlated with imperial subjugation, local authoritarianism and flagrant human rights abuses’. Citing examples of the devastating consequences a growing global hunger for energy has had for communities and ecosytems in oil-bearing regions, Oilwatch Africa calls for the world to start weaning itself from its ‘addiction to oil’ by ‘investing more in renewable energy, energy efficiency, better public transportation and small decentralised energy projects.’ [see more]
Oil is the most powerful industry in the world. It fuels manufacturing, agriculture and transportation. Petrodollar flows shape the global financial system.

Many wars have been waged out and are still being fought all over the world to ensure corporate control over oil. Oil is power and power needs to control oil. Behind the names of presidents and dictators are the names of much more powerful actors: Exxon/Mobil, Chevron/Texaco, Shell, British Petroleum, Elf.

A government is toppled by armed opposition in a country in the South and coverage of the story only reports on the local hatred between factions and almost never the corporations and foreign governments backing each of the sides. In many cases, the actors behind the scenes are oil companies. In Venezuela, an elected president has had to face a coup and a general strike because he is sitting on top of a sea of oil and is not perceived as being sufficiently friendly to the US oil establishment.

But oil is not only behind civil wars, coups d'etat and presidential campaigns. Oil is also responsible for countless "low-intensity" wars, that destroy entire communities throughout the world and particularly in the tropics. Many indigenous and other local communities have been wiped off the map or have had to face enormous hardship due to the environmental destruction resulting from oil exploration and exploitation in their territories, as well as from the widespread violation of their human rights. From Ecuador to Nigeria and from Indonesia to Chad, "black gold" has been a curse to local peoples and their environments.

Governments of the world have made some attempts at addressing this issue. They signed and ratified the Convention on Climate Change and its related Kyoto Protocol. Similarly to what happened recently in the United Nations Security Council in relation to Irak, one government -representing the interests of oil corporations-decided not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol because it would affect its interests. This one country -the United States- happens to be the world's number one culprit in CO2 emissions and home to the most powerful oil corporations in the world. It is thus responsible for most of the past and present oil wars.
Big Oil also dominates the Bush administration. President Bush, Vice President Dick Cheney, national security advisor Condoleezza Rice and many other top-ranking officials in the administration have been top corporate oil executives or have longstanding ties to the industry.

Based on World Rainforest Movement information.
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UPDATES
Wednesday, August 04 2010
Leave new oil in the soil in Africa
(Source: Pambazuka)
Wednesday, February 13 2008
F. William Engdahl's "A Century of War" - Part I
(Source: CounterCurrents)
Wednesday, April 25 2007
Big contracts for big oil
(Source: Corporate Watch)

Historical perspective

F. William Engdahl's "A Century of War" - Part I (CounterCurrents)

The Seven (Four) Sisters

Major oil companies among largest transnational corporations (Global Policy)

The Seven Sisters

The Seven Sisters (A history of the New World order)

Sisters under stress (Green-Trust)

Oil company profiles (CorporateWatch)

Networks and NGOs

World Rainforest Movement

CorpWatch

OilWatch

AmazonWatch

Foro Boliviano de Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo

Greenpeace

Action for Social and Ecological Justice - ASEJ

Sustainable Energy and Economy Network (SEEN)

Friends of the Earth International (FOEI)

Corporations

Chevron Texaco

Shell

Exxon-Mobil (Esso)

BP - British Petroleum

Oxidental Petroleum Company - OXY

ELF

Burlington Resources official web site

Global Climate Coalition

Oil companies in developing countries

Leave new oil in the soil in Africa (Pambazuka)

Drilling into debt (Oil Change International)

The implications of oil for development and human rights (Choike)

Corporations and the Bush administration

The Bush administration: corporate connections (Open Secrets)

Vital statistics (Project Underground)

Group: Cheney task force eyed on Iraq oil (Global Policy)

The Bush energy plan chronology (Natural Resources Defense Council)

Dirt on Dick Cheney? (Project Underground)

The return of windfall profits: an overview of the oil industry (2001) (Corporate Research Project)

Big contracts for big oil (Corporate Watch)

Oil and the G8 governments (Corporate Watch)

Oil and gas in abundance in Washington

The axis of oil (Global Policy)

Campaigns

U'wa Campaign

Ecuador - Nigeria - Richmond (Chevron-Toxico)

Do people really get killed so that oil companies can make a profit?

Iraqi trade union statement on the oil law (Carbon Web)

Boycott Chevron-Texaco

BP Campaign

Call to sign-on letter to President of World Bank (SEEN)

Remembering Ken Saro-Wiwa and the struggle for justice in Nigeria (Pambazuka)


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