Rio+10: Earth Summit 2002

Source: Inesc
The Brazilian Civil Society Facilitating Committee for Rio+20, which congregates different networks and non-governmental organizations and Brazilian social movements from different areas, including environmentalists, rural and urban workers, women, youth, popular movements, entrepreneurs of solidarity economy, among others, calls civil society organizations and social and popular movements from all across the world to join the process that will lead to the autonomous and plural event, the Peoples Summit for Sustainable Development – Rio+20, in May 2012, which will take place together with the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD 2012), also called Rio+20. [see more]
From 26 August to 4 September 2002, the World Summit on Sustainable Development (popularly known as “Rio +10”) was held in Johannesburg, South Africa. According to "Our Common Future: The Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development” (submitted in 1987 and known as the "Brundtland Report"), sustainable development is defined as “the development that satisfies present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". A sustainable way of life rests on three key areas: equitable economic growth; natural resource and environmental conservation; and social development.

By initiative of the United Nations, thousands of participants -including heads of State and Government authorities, national delegates and leaders of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), companies, and other groups concerned with sustainable development- gathered in Johannesburg. The goal was to focus world attention and direct actions on tackling such challenges as the enhancement of the quality of life for all human beings and the conservation of the natural resources of the planet.

This event commemorated the tenth anniversary of the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit (1992), where the international community adopted Agenda 21, an unprecedented global action plan to promote sustainable development. The Johannesburg Summit provided an opportunity to adopt specific measures and identify measurable targets towards the best implementation of Agenda 21.

During the Summit the third one on environmental issues organized by the United Nations-, a number of parallel activities were convened and held by independent organizations or groups. These same groups, for the most part, considered that the Summit’s outcome consisted of “merely rhetoric declarations”. The agreements reached are basically reduced to a Political Declaration and a Plan of Action, full of good intentions concerning the reduction of the number of people in the world without access to drinkable water, biodiversity and fishing resources, and with no objectives for promoting renewable energies. The documents approved contain no specific commitments, no new or additional funds, thus leading many analysts and participants to conclude that the Summit failed.

The most positive outcome was the announcement by several countries that they were ratifying the Kyoto Protocol, thus further isolating the United States -which was conspicuously absent from Johannesburg- as the leading opponent of international agreements on environmental issues.
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Monday, November 15 2010
Rethinking development and progress
(Source: Civil Society Reflection Group on Global Development Perspectives)
more on this issue


Biodiversity after Johannesburg (International Institute for Sustainable Development)

In quest of sustainable development (UNRISD)

The World Summit on Sustainable Development: was it worthwhile? (International Institute for Environment and Development)

Civil society

Focus on the WSSD (Focus on the Global South)

Girona Declaration: From Rio to Johannesburg (American Association of Jurists)

From Rio to Johannesburg (Transnational Institute)

Women's Centre

Civil society and the WSSD (APC)

Conference of NGOs (CONGO)

Indigenous Peoples Priorities for the World Summit (Tebtebba)

From a Gender Perspective (WIDE)

Sustainable Development Issues Network for 2002

Credit Where It's Due (SEEN)

The Sustainable Development Program (WEDO)

Portal to the World Summit (International Institute for Sustainable Development)

From Rio to Johannesburg (Friends of the Earth)

Report of the African Civil Society Forum (Third World Network Africa)

Countdown to Johannesburg (Tebtebba)

It's Time to Stop the War on the Earth (Greenpeace)

WSSD Global Forum


Indonesian People's Forum (IPF)

The World Conservation Union (IUCN)

Information resources

Beyond Johannesburg: policies and finance for climate-friendly development (OECD Development Centre)

IISD's Linkages Portal to the Johannesburg Summit (International Institute for Sustainable Development)

Roads to the Summit (Panos Institute)

World Council of Churches (WWC)

Johannesburg World Summit Company (Jowsco)

Virtual Exhibition

Rio Declaration On Environment And Development (UNEP)

Stockholm 1972 (UNEP)

Calendar of Meetings (International Institute for Sustainable Development)

Global Environment Outlook: environment for development (GEO-4) (UNEP)

Analysis and opinions

The Earth Summit's Deathblow to Sustainable Development (CorpWatch)

Marching to Johannesburg (CorpWatch)

Johannesburg Junction (TNI Publications - Focus on the Global South)

'Five battles in Jo'burg, Vajpayee must lead'

The Globalization Decade (CorpWatch)

Starting at the Bottom (

Why are we making WSSD a Zero waste event? (Africa Pulse)

The Battle of Bali (Third World Network Africa)

Another UN is Possible (CorpWatch)

Commercialising Sustainability: The WTO in the WSSD (Focus on the Global South)

The road to Johannesburg (WRM)

Johannesburg 2002: The Road to Sustainable Development? (Third World Network)

WSSD: Right questions, Wrong answers? (Friends of the Earth)

Fairness in a Fragile World: A Memorandum for the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Heinrich Boell Foundation)

Building the sustainable development (TerraGreen)

The State Of The Planet... (UNEP)

Green humour

Just in time to save the Earth Summit 2002... (SEEN - Greenpeace)

The Green Oscars

Rio+20: Conference on Sustainable Development 2012

Call for Participation for the Peoples Summit for Sustainable Development - Rio+20 (Inesc)

Rethinking development and progress (Civil Society Reflection Group on Global Development Perspectives)

Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD)

Official web site CSD 13 (UN)

Habitat International Coalition and CSD 13 (HIC)

Some of the missing themes of the Intergovernmental Preparatory Meeting (IPM) of CSD-13 Draft Report (HIC)

13th Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD): list of priorities for action from the women’s mayor group (WEDO)

Women's Statement (WEDO)

Choike coverage of CDS-13

Organization of work during CSD-13 (UN)

Official information

Implementing Agenda 21 (UN-NGLS)

Official site (United Nations)

Stakeholder Forum’s Earth Summit 2002

Agenda 21 (UNEP)



Greenwash + 10 (CorpWatch)

August 31st: Global Day of Action against corporate control of our lives and our planet (A SEED Europe)

‘We the peoples believe another world is possible’ (Third World Network)


Radio Earth Summit (Friends of the Earth)

Terra Viva - IPS

UN blocks future Earth Summits (The Independent)

Joburg Media

In-depth: Earth Summit (BBC News)

Disposable planet? (BBC News)

Grassroots radio gears up for global broadcast of Jo'burg Summit (Africa Pulse)

From Rio+10 to the MDGs

Earth summit score card, 15 years on (IPS)

Millennium Development Goals

Millenium ecosystem assessment report warns environmental crisis (Third World Network Features)

From Rio to New York: recommendations on environmental protection for the Millenium +5 Summit (German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU))

The importance of natural resources in poverty erradication (Friends of the Earth International)

Towards environmental policy coherence (IISD)

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