New Partnership for African Development - NEPAD

Source: allAfrica
African leaders meeting at the 14th African Union (AU) Summit in Addis Ababa has approved the establishment of the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA) as a technical body of the AU in replacement of the NEPAD Secretariat. The NPCA is mandated to facilitate and coordinate the implementation of continental and regional priority programmes and projects and to mobilise resources and partners in support of their implementation. February 2010. [see more]
In January 2001 South African President Thabo Mbeki went to the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland to present a proposal called the Millennium African Recovery Plan (MAP). After consulting with Senegal's President Aboulaye Wade, the plan became known as the New Africa Initiative (NAI). Mbeki then took the NAI to the Group of Eight (G8) Summit meeting in Genoa, Italy in July 2001. After reviewing the plan, the G8 leaders told the Africans to rewrite it to include more emphasis on "good governance" and invited them to the next summit in Kananaskis, Alberta (Canada) in June 2002. After consultations with the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and the leaders of Nigeria and Algeria, President Mbeki released the New Partnership for African Development, or NEPAD. In Kananaskis the G8 leaders unveiled an 'Action Plan on Africa', committing themselves to engage with NEPAD.

The key priority of NEPAD was to attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in energy, agriculture, communications, and human resources. NEPAD's supporters hoped that with an annual US$64 billion in public and private investment, a gross domestic product growth rate of 7 percent could be secured in participating countries. Under the terms of NEPAD, African countries guaranteed good governance in return for financial aid. To guard against corruption a system of peer review was proposed to monitor African countries' deployment of funds and progress toward good governance. The limitations of G8 support, nevertheless, soon became evident. Not only did the pledges of aid still fall far short of Africa's financing needs, but they would scarcely make up for the steady decline in aid to Africa since the mid-1990s. Any new money, moreover, would be highly conditional and restricted to those countries that meet the G8's political and economic criteria.

The responses of African NGOs, unions and intellectuals to NEPAD largely criticize its neo-liberal paradigm for being very much the language of the industrialized countries, particularly the G8. The "African Forum for Envisioning Africa: Focus on NEPAD" concludes, for example, that NEPAD follows the same neo-liberal principles that have come under heavy criticism by civil society worldwide, are responsible for increasing gaps between the rich and the poor and result in economic disasters. In spite of the recognition of the central role of the African people, civil society has not played any role in the conception, design and formulation of NEPAD. Furthermore, NEPAD adopts social and economic measures that contribute to the marginalization of women and does not question the global economic system that, in the view of civil society, plays a major role in Africa's continued marginalization. With respect to Africa's external debt, NEPAD's proposal for debt relief represents a significant step backwards from what the Jubilee movement in Africa continues to demand: 100% cancellation of low-income country debts without structural adjustment conditions, plus the assessment and cancellation of illegitimate debts that have their origin in apartheid and military dictatorships. Many NGOs conclude that NEPAD is rather a continuation of the highly questionable Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAP), now including privatization of public services such as water and electricity supply or health services.
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UPDATES
Wednesday, February 10 2010
Leaders approve new agency to replace Nepad
(Source: allAfrica)
Wednesday, May 27 2009
The place of aid in Africa’s solutions to its problems
(Source: African Monitor)
Monday, August 18 2008
The North will not provide the answers for the global development!
(Source: Accord International)

Official web sites

African Union (AU)

The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)

NEPAD Nigeria

NEPAD Senegal

Documents of the NEPAD Secretariat in South Africa

Articles and reports

NEPAD: African Initiative, New Partnership?

NEPAD and the Global Political Economy: Towards the African Century or Another False Start? (TWN)

World Bank support for the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)

Is NEPAD the Answer to Africa's Problems?

Leaders approve new agency to replace Nepad (allAfrica)

African Integration in and For Civil Society: Bulletin 2 (UKZN - Centre for Civil Society, Durban)

What future for the Southern African Development Community (SADC)? (Pambazuka)

NEPAD Document

African Civil Society Declaration on NEPAD

NEPAD and energy: Turning out the lights

Economic report on Africa 2005: Meeting the challenges of unemployment and poverty in Africa (Economic Commission for Africa)

South Africa's second primitive accumulation (Third World Network Features)

African Union Watch: is Ecosocc a new deal? (Pambazuka News)

NePAD: South Africa, African economies and globalization (Pambazuka)

Peer review: Who owns the process? (eAfrica)

NEPAD & Gender

Gender issues in NEPAD's framework (Choike)

Development in Africa

Development in Africa (Choike)

The place of aid in Africa’s solutions to its problems (African Monitor)

Wake up call: Africa, your cell phone is ringing (AfricaFiles)

Accelerating Africa's integration and development in the 21st Century: prospects and challenges of Union Government (AFRODAD)

The image of Africa (Socialist Worker)

Assuring food and nutrition security in Africa by 2020: a way forward from the 2020 Africa Conference (International Food Policy Research Institute)

UN & NEPAD

Office of the Special Coordinator for Africa and the Least Developed Countries (OSCAL)

United Nations Programmes for Africa

UN Economic Commision for Africa (UNECA)

Priority Africa

Africa at the United Nations Development Programm (UNDP)

NEPAD: First consolidated report on progress in implementation and international support

Africa Renewal

Information resources

Inter-Church Coalition on Africa (ICCAF) - NEPAD Documents

African Forum for envisioning Africa: "Focus on NEPAD"

NEPAD at AfricaFiles

Africa: Focus on NEPAD development plan (IRIN)

NEPAD News (AllAfrica)

NEPAD at The Alternative Information and Development Centre (AIDC)

NEPAD at AfricAvenir

Southern African Regional Poverty Network (SARPN)

NEPAD at the Third World Network Africa (TWN Africa)

G8 & NEPAD

G8 and NEPAD (Choike)

NEPAD & health in Africa

Health plans for Africa remain vague as G8 agrees to meet 10% of the need (WHO)

AIDS: wealth before health (Choike)

Africa and NEPAD: What about HIV/AIDS?

Patents and medicines (Choike)

Nepad and HIV/AIDS (SARPN)

Africa's resources

The new scramble for Africa (GRAIN)

The new scramble for Africa's resources (Pambazuka)

Civil society statements

The North will not provide the answers for the global development! (Accord International)

From a "grand debate" to grand actions for a united Africa (Pambazuka)


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