The right to communicate

Source: World Association of Newspapers
Twenty-eight journalists have been killed since November 2007. Iraq tops the list, with nine killed, although this number seems to be declining over recent years, says WAN. June 2008. [see more]
As Alain Ambrosi (President of the World Forum on Community Networking) points out, the right to communicate is a demand that has always been at the heart of social struggle, no matter whether the issue has been "inventing" democracy, defending its original principles, or transforming them into concrete action based on citizen participation. As times change, geographical contexts evolve, and technology progresses, this right has been given different names: freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, freedom of the press, the right to information, and, now, the right to communication. Nonetheless, the right to communication remains a part of all freedom struggles for greater dialogue, pluralism, tolerance, and participation - and against all forms of authoritarian, exclusive, and excluding power, be it religious, aristocratic, male, State- or market-controlled.

The struggle for the right to communicate has taken on a new dimension because communication itself has become a central issue in establishing a new world order. In accordance with neoliberal market logic, the "communications era" cannot be dissociated from economic, political, and cultural "globalization".

It is not enough simply to redefine the right to communicate and to entrench it in constitutions and international charters (for example, by amending Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights); instead, it must be ensured that all social actors can effectively make use of this right. Neither is it enough merely to master new technologies from a technical standpoint; there must also be a guarantee that they can be socially appropriated and made to serve democracy. Therefore, civil society organizations face a great challenge - only by aiming their innovative practices at the long term, learning lessons from past struggles, and pooling their efforts will they be able to make use of the right to communicate that they themselves have helped to define.
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Wednesday, June 04 2008
Press Freedom World Review, November 2007 - June 2008
(Source: World Association of Newspapers)
Monday, March 31 2008
The plight of journalists in 98 countries reviewed
(Source: Reporters Without Borders)
Tuesday, November 13 2007
Digital poverty: Latin american and caribbean perspectives
(Source: IDRC)


Blue Ribbon Campaign

Global Internet Liberty Campaign

Internet Dissidents (Human Rights Watch)

Know your Data Campaign (Privacy International)

Communications Rights in the Information Society (CRIS)

World Forum on Communication Rights (CRIS)

Articles and reports

Towards a Universal Declaration on the Right to Communicate

Technological Evolution and the Right to Communicate: The Implications for Electronic Democracy

CRIS and the Right to Communicate: A brief response to Article 19

The right to communicate. The Internet in Africa (Article 19)

Journalists killed for their work in 2003 (Comittee to Protect Journalists (CPJ))

The Internet and the right to communicate (First Monday)

After mobile phones, what? Re-embedding the social in China’s “Digital Revolution” (International Journal of Communication)

Policy and Participation on the Canadian Information Highway

For the Right to Communicate : The battle for citizen`s media

Note on the draft Declaration on the Right To Communicate (Article 19)

Africa's media push for more freedom (Third World Network)

Communication and human rights

Free Expression on the Internet - Human Rights Watch

The Internet and Human Rights: An Overview (Center for Democracy and Technology)

Content Controls/Freedom of Expression (Global Internet Policy Initiative)

Privacy and Human Rights

Human Rights - Right to Communicate

Press Freedom World Review, November 2007 - June 2008 (World Association of Newspapers)

The plight of journalists in 98 countries reviewed (Reporters Without Borders)

Motivating a human rights perspective on access to cyberspace: The human right to communicate (Computer Professionals For Social Responsibility)

Address by President Nelson Mandela at the Opening Ceremony of Telecom 95

Impunity lives while journalist die (International Press Institute)

The democratization of communication (ALAI)

Communication and Human Rights: A challenge we cannot refuse

Motivating a Human Rights Perspective on Access to Cyberspace: The Human Right to Communicate

Communications Policy is a Civil Rights Issue

Special mandates for freedom of expression adopt joint declaration (Article 19 - Global Campaign for Free Expression)

Untold stories (Committee to Protect Journalists)

2005 turning into deadly year for journalists (IFEX)

Marked for death: the five most murderous countries for journalists (Comitee to Protect Journalists (CPJ))

Communication and developing countries

Development Gateway

Anti-corruption claim on the World Bank's internet initiative (ITEM)

The Internet Society and Developing Countries (ISOC)

Communication Rights in Africa (APC)

Communication Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean (APC)

Sustainable Development Networking Programme - United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Information Systems for International Development

Acacia Initiative (IDRC)

Africa: community media and transformation (The Communication Initiative)

Digital poverty: Latin american and caribbean perspectives (IDRC)

Evaluation of the Development Gateway (Development Studies Institute, London School of Economics)

Open Spectrum: Towards more democratic radio frequencies

Communication and the Globalisation of Poverty (WACC)

Internet for the Third World - Chance or threat? (Computer Center of the University of Osnabrück, Germany)

Africa: radio for peacebuliding (Radio for Peacebuliding)


International Working Group on Data Protection in Telecommunications (IWGDPT)

Privacy International (PI)

Electronic Privacy Information Center

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25th International Conference of the Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners (Sept. 10-12, 2003)

Privacy online: Policy and Practival Guidance

EPIC Launches Privacy and Human Rights 2006 Report ( Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC))

OCLC Releases Social Networking Study (Online Computer Library Center (OCLC))

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Declaration on freedom of communication on the Internet by the Council of Europe

UNESCO Observatory on the Information Society

Institute for New Technologies

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Right to communicate

The Right to Communicate and the Communication of Rights

Word matters: multicultural perspectives on information societies (VECAM)

Assessing communication rights: A handbook (CRIS)

Many voices, one vision: The right to communicate in practice

Cyber-Rights Working Group - Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR)

Media under watch in Tunisia (Ligue Tunisienne pour la Defense des Droits de l'Homme (LTDH))

Organizations in media and communication

Organizations Web Sites (Choike)

Communication and gender

Women, Communication Rights and the Internet (DAW)

Gender and the Digital Divide Seminar Series (World Bank)

The Right to Communicate: New Challenges for the Women’s Movement (Women in Action)

Catalysing a Gender and ICT Advocacy Movement (APC WNSP)

Local actors in global politics (Women in action)

Community Multimedia Centres (CMCs) and subaltern gendered selves (i4d)

The importance of women in information and communications technology (Asia-Pacifiic Development Information Program)

Gender in the Information Society : Emerging Issues (APDIP)

Do women's access to ICTs lead to empowerment? (

Freedoms of expression & information (

The Right to Communicate: Women in the Information Society (CRIS)

WACC - Women's Programme

Beyond tools: technology as a feminist agenda (Palgrave Journal)

Who makes the news? (WACC)

Digital Scheherazade (Fatema Mernissi)

Gender Evaluation Methodology for Internet and ICTs

Gender and ICT policy website helps women make ICT policy a priority

Internet censorship

Internet censorship report

The Regulation of Liberty: free speech, free trade and free gifts on the Net

Everyone's Guide to By-Passing Internet Censorship for Citizens (The Citizen Lab)

Internet Under Repression (Development Gateway)

A “Journey to the Heart of Internet censorship” on eve of party congress (Reporters without borders)

Toward a Global anti-censorship Network (Global Voices Online)

Google: Censorship should be trade barrier (Zdnet)

The Internet under surveillance (Reporters Without Borders)

APC condemns seizure of IndyMedia web servers by US and European law enforcers (APC)

Internet standards

Internet Research Task Force (IRTF)

Internet Society (ISOC)

Internet Architecture Board (IAB)

Internet Standards, Technology & Policy Project (Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT))

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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)

Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)

Internet governance: Everybody's business in the Information Society (Choike)

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